Cabo Frio promotes actions for the prevention and early diagnosis of HIV through the “Red December”

Activities alluding to the “Red December” campaign will move health teams from the city of Cabo Frio to the Rio Lakes region. A special program has been set up to discuss the subject, with the aim of alerting the population to the importance of prevention and carrying out rapid screening tests for HIV and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs).

Next Wednesday, the 7th, the Cabo Frio Health Secretariat will organize the seminar “Fight against HIV, syphilis and other sexually transmitted infections: how are we doing?” “. The event will take place in the auditorium of Estácio de Sá University, from 8:00 a.m. to 1:00 p.m. According to the town hall, the activities are aimed at health professionals in the municipal network.

The objective is to promote an analysis of epidemiological data, in order to trace new ways to extend the program already applied in the municipality.

“For 2023, careful analysis of epidemiological data is essential, so that we can identify ways to expand the control of syphilis cases, improving the strategies needed to prevent the events that have been observed, such as the occurrence in the municipality of HIV deaths, identification of HIV-positive children and emergence of cases of neurosyphilis. For this reason, we are going to organize this seminar, which will guide our actions for the next year”, explained Apparecida Castorina Monteiro, coordinator of the IST program /AIDS and viral hepatitis.

December 1 has been chosen to celebrate World AIDS Day.

seminar program

According to the organizers, from 9:30 a.m. to 11:00 a.m., the following subject will be discussed: “The STI control policy in the State of Rio de Janeiro and the situation of STIs in the municipality of Cabo Frio”, with the nurse Raphael Goulart.

Then, “The decentralization of rapid tests and treatment in the municipality of Cabo Frio”, with biologist Sandra Araujo Rabelo Silva and the coordinator of the Municipal Public Health Laboratory of Cabo Frio, nurse Cristiane Pereira Sampaio.

The next topic will be “The impact of syphilis on the Women’s Hospital”. The mediator for this tour will be Doctor Apparecida Castorina.

Between 11:30 a.m. and 12:30 p.m., the conversation focuses on ‘Women, health and sexuality: the feminization of HIV and STIs’, with Doctor Maria do Espírito Santo Tavares dos Santos and ‘Living with HIV/AIDS’, with Jussara Portugal. The mediator will be Ana Lúcia Ribeiro Mendonça.

Cabo Frio offers testing in several health units Cabo Frio offers testing in several health units | Photo: Disclosure/Cabo Frio City Hall

Where to do the HIV test in Cabo Frio?

The Cabo Frio Health Service also provides rapid tests to detect the disease at Dia Hospital, located at Rua Expedicionários da Pátria, s/nº, in São Cristóvão (behind the Municipal Hospital of São José Operário). Service is Monday through Friday, 8 a.m. to 5 p.m.

Currently, the unit is a reference in the treatment of STIs, HIV/AIDS and viral hepatitis, offering the service free of charge for the diagnosis of HIV, syphilis, hepatitis B and C.

Tests can also be done at Family Health Strategies (ESF), Women’s Hospital, Urgent Care Units (UPA) and Center for Psychosocial Assistance (CAPS).

Number of cases in Brazil

The country has seen an increase in AIDS cases among young people between the ages of 15 and 29. This is highlighted in the latest HIV / AIDS Epidemiological Bulletin, published by the Ministry of Health, about the data for 2021.

Figures show that there has been a decline in the number of new cases of the syndrome over the past 10 years across the country. Despite the good news, another estimate is concerning, as among young men aged 14 to 29, an increase in diagnoses has been identified.

Between 2011 and 2021, a total of 52,513 HIV-positive young people, aged 15 to 24, of both sexes, developed AIDS.

A total of 35,246 new cases of AIDS were recorded in 2021. Among men aged 14 to 29, declarations rose from 6,641 per year to 7,970. An increase of 20%.

Case in Rio State

According to a preliminary survey carried out by the State Department of Health in Rio de Janeiro, the number of HIV infections showed an increase in notifications in almost all regions of the state, from 2020 to 2021.

The only exception was Metropolitan Region II, which covers seven municipalities: Itaboraí, Maricá, Niterói, Rio Bonito, São Gonçalo, Silva Jardim and Tanguá. In 2020, 4,015 cases were recorded and, in 2021, there were 4,646.

The figures also show that, relative to mortality, deaths have been falling consistently since 2015. The same is true for the death rate, which has also fallen from 10.6 per 100,000 population in 2015 to 8. .2 per 100,000 inhabitants. inhabitants, in 2020.

The disease first emerged in Brazil in 1980 and has killed more than 30 million people worldwide. According to data from the World Health Organization (WHO), there are currently more than 38 million people living with HIV on the planet, more than half of whom are receiving treatment.

HIV and AIDS are not the same thing

According to the Ministry of Health, Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is caused by the HIV virus, but there are people living with HIV who go for years without showing symptoms or developing the disease.

In other words, AIDS is the most advanced stage of HIV infection and occurs when the person has opportunistic infections (which take advantage of the body’s weakness, such as tuberculosis and pneumonia) due to the low immunity caused by the virus. Hence, the need for diagnosis, treatment and prevention.

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