Artemis I lays the foundation for the colonization of the Moon

Everything is ready for the launch of the first spacecraft of the Artemis I programThe return of the satellite to Earth after 50 years can serve as a test for the colonization of Mars. The first stage of these achievements was scheduled for this Monday, with the launch of the program’s first spacecraft. Expectations for the 2030s are high: the return to the Moon and the colonization of the Earth satellite and, who knows, even Mars. These great achievements will kick off later this month, with the launch of the Artemis I mission on Monday (08/29). Despite being an unmanned test mission, Artemis I is the first step towards the return of humans to Lula since the Apollo 17 mission in 1972. Colonization of the Moon is fundamental to the exploration of Mars, as Earth’s natural satellite would serve as a sort of pit stop for long journeys to the Red Planet. According to Artemis partners NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA), the program will shed light on what has changed in space exploration over the past 50 years. And a lot has changed since 1972. Vision and technology, for example, are more advanced. Artemis plans to have humans on the moon by 2025, and travel in the years to come will establish more permanent colonization. “At first, astronauts will go to the moon for a week, but in the future, members of the Artemis missions will stay there for a month or two. At some point, there will be permanent colonies,” said Jürgen Schlutz, an aerospace specialist. engineer at ESA. The Artemis mission will also mark the first moonwalk by a woman and a person of color. What is the Artemis program? The Aug. 29 launch is the first in a series of six moon missions planned through 2028. With no astronauts aboard the Orion spacecraft, Artemis I will primarily be a safety test for future travel inhabited. Initiated in 2017 and formed by NASA, ESA and space agencies from several countries, the Artemis program is part of efforts to revitalize space programs. “We want to extend the reach of human beings in space. The Moon is our closest neighbor. Despite the research potential, Artemis aims above all to conquer our first anchor in space”, reinforces Schlutz. NASA named the program after the twin sister of Apollo, the moon goddess in Greek mythology. The Orion spacecraft is scheduled to launch from Kennedy Space Center in Florida at 7:30 a.m. (local time) on August 29. It will spend between 26 and 42 days in space, including at least six in a distant orbit of the Moon, before crashing into the Pacific Ocean. Safety test According to Schlutz, the purpose of Artemis I is to attest to the safety of Orion and the space launch system. Orion is a partially reusable spacecraft equipped with solar panels and a self-docking system, as well as primary and secondary propulsion engines that will propel the force out of Earth’s orbit and on its way to the Moon. ESA, along with other European companies such as AirBus, has played a central role in developing the technology for the spacecraft, which can accommodate up to six crew members. On its first trip, Orion will carry two mannequins, Helga and Zohar, equipped with radiation measurement sensors. To Mars In the long term, the objective of Artemis is the colonization of Mars. Schlutz says the Moon is an important step forward because it will be like a sort of outpost for Mars explorers. The forecast is that by the end of this decade, the first lunar landing platform, called Campo Base Artemis, will be completed. The Chinese National Space Administration and the Russian space agency Roscosmos also plan to build their own bases on the Moon by the early 2030s. In Artemis, the lunar base would support missions for up to two months and be used as outpost to improve technologies and living conditions. The trip to her would take less than a week. Something impressive considering that just 200 years ago, European explorers took around four weeks to reach the Americas. “The environment on the Moon is harsh. Our biggest challenge is to protect astronauts from radiation. We want to build housing modules with exterior regolith bricks.” [poeira lunar] to block radiation,” says Aiden Cowley, materials scientist at ESA. Resource management, radiation protection and energy harvesting systems will be tested on the Moon before being taken to Mars, the journey of which takes six months. testing ground for these technologies Author: Fred Schwaller

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