Following the calendar of health campaigns, this month Yellow July aims to raise awareness of the importance of early diagnosis of bone cancer, a rare and silent disease which accounts for 1% of all types of cancer. The campaign aims precisely to alert the population to the possibility of an effective and assertive treatment. Bone cancer can appear at any stage of life, but it is more common in children and adolescents.
According to Unimed Sergipe collaborating oncologist, Dr. Gisélia Tavares, bone tumors can occur in any bone in the human body, but are most common in the vertebrae, hip bones, femur, tibia, t humerus, ribs and knees. The doctor explains that the main symptoms are pain, which may or may not be related to trauma as a causative factor.
“Bone cancer is characterized by pain, swelling at the site and functional limitation. Therefore, in the event of the appearance of any symptoms, in particular pain with warning signs – more than 15 days, progressively worsening, persistent nocturnal pain – the recommendation is that the person consult a doctor. Identifying bone cancer requires imaging tests such as X-rays, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging or bone scintigraphy, in addition to biopsies,” explains Dr. Gisélia, who works at the Center for infusion and oncology Unimed.
According to the oncologist, in the case of malignant tumors, the growth is faster and the increase in local volume occurs in less than three months. Benign tumors have quieter symptomatology, or there are benign bone tumors that are silent and do not cause symptoms, discovered only when the patient performs an imaging test.
Bone cancer can appear at any stage of life, but it is more common in children and adolescents. “Primary bone cancer affects more children and adolescents. In the event of a bone lesion over 40 years old, the first suspicion is that we are facing a metastatic bone lesion, that is, derived from a cancer that originated in another organ and had cells cancer cells that have migrated to the bones,” the doctor points out. . .
According to Dr. Gisélia, there is no specific cause for the appearance of bone cancer, but a possibility lies in genetic mutations. “Genetic syndromes and pre-existing conditions, such as Paget’s disease, may contribute to the increased likelihood of developing bone tumors. There is no prevention, but early diagnosis and adequate treatment”, emphasizes the oncologist.
After the diagnosis of bone cancer, treatment can be done from surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy, and each case is assessed individually to define the best treatment regimen.