What is inflammatory bowel disease and how to avoid it

Seeking to raise awareness of certain conditions that affect the intestinethis Thursday (19) marks the World Inflammatory Bowel Disease Day (IID). According to the São Paulo City Council, the campaign, which belongs to the purple mayaims to emphasize the importance of early diagnosis of Crohn’s diseases and ulcerative colitis.

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According to the Brazilian Society of Coloproctology (SBCP), the average incidence in Brazil of Crohn’s disease and rectocolitis is 7 per 100,000 inhabitants. However, although this seems like a small factor, it is essential to pay attention to gut health care and understand the conditions.

gut health

In an interview with the newspaper “Estado de Minas”, the nutritionist graduate in functional nutrition and member of the scientific council of the exam processing engine of the startup CalcLab, Karla Lacerda, explains that the intestine is populated by an array of bacteria beneficial to health.

Factors such as infections, type of delivery, use of antibiotics and genetics may possibly influence the gut microbiota. Thus, we must “pay attention to habits and quality of life as a whole and not just include vegetables in the diet”, warns Karla.

Factors that affect the gut

The specialist also explains that IBD – a group of chronic inflammatory diseases of the digestive tract It has an unknown cause and there is no cure. Symptoms of IBD can include abdominal pain and headache, diarrhea, fever, blood in stools, fatigue, loss of appetite, weight loss, bloating, swings mood swings, nausea, mouth ulcers, anemia and food intolerances.

In this sense, Karla reveals that a genetic predisposition to the emergence of the disease exists, but that IBD can also be the result of an abnormal immune system.

Among the factors that can affect the gut health and the quality of the intestinal microbiota, the nutritionist cites “high consumption of processed foods and low consumption of natural foods, infections, low consumption of fiber and phytochemicals, excess animal protein, allergies and hypersensitivities, low hydration, lack of mastication, ingestion of liquids with meals, physical inactivity and excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages”.

According to her, the combination of bad habits outweighs any genetic advantages. On the other hand, good lifestyle habits can suppress unwanted genetic factors.


Importance of lifestyle in the prevention of inflammatory bowel disease

According to Karla, the following factors can turn on disease-causing genes and worsen IBD symptoms:



• Zinc deficiency;

• Vitamins D and A;

• Parasitosis;

• Infections;

• Alcoholism;

• Food allergy;


• Toxic metals and environmental toxins.

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Analogously, the food plays a key role in improving the health of intestine, emphasizing the elimination of allergens, the reduction of saturated fats and the inclusion of nutrients. You should avoid:

• Industrialized greases;

• Milk and dairy products;

• Sugar;

• Foods that increase gas production (such as cauliflower, garlic, beans, cabbage and sweet potatoes);

• Caffeine;

• Alcohol;

• Sorbitol;

• Foods that are spicy or contain many preservatives;

• Candy and chewing gum;

• Excess fructose;

• Chemical additives present in ultra-processed foods.

Karla also encourages, from the same point of view, habits such as the practice of physical activity, therapy and relaxation techniques, “since body and mind are linked and emotional tension can influence the course of the disease”, as the portal quotes. besides hydration It is essential for good intestinal function.

Diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease

THE diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease It is carried out from the clinical analysis of the symptoms associated with the laboratory analysis of blood, stools, imaging tests and endoscopy for Crohn’s disease or colonoscopy for ulcerative colitis.

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