The Secretary of State for Health (SES) launches, next Monday (11), the operation popularly known as the smoke car, which emits a “cloud” of smoke to eliminate the adult Aedes aegypti mosquitoes present in the region , thereby reducing the risk of spreading diseases such as dengue, zika and chikungunya.
Epidemiological Bulletin 04 (BE 04) indicates a 285% increase in probable cases of dengue and 90% of chikungunya in the first months of 2022, compared to the same period in 2021.
The program includes 23 cities receiving the intervention, with four new ULV (Ultra Low Volume Coupled Vehicles) vehicles, which now total ten cars in use statewide. Between April 11 and 14, the municipalities of Logradouro, Caiçara, Alagoinha, Pombal, Jacaraú, Pilõezinhos, Pedro Régis, Brejo do Cruz, Assunção and Lagoa de Dentro will be covered. Since April 19, the cities of Araçagi, Boa Vista, Brejo dos Santos, Cruz do Espírito Santo, Dona Inês, Duas Estradas, Passagem, Riacho de Santo Antônio, São José de Espinharas, São Sebastião de Lagoa de Roça, Serra Redonda , Serraria and Umbuzeiro.
Epidemiological bulletin 04 indicates that the localities of Aguiar, Areia, Bananeiras, Belém, Boa Ventura, Cacimba de Dentro, Coremas, Cubati, Dona Inês, Fagundes, Guarabira, Gurjão, Jericho, Lagoa, Lagoa de Dentro, Logradouro, Massaranduba, Nova Floresta, Olivedos, Pedra Branca, Pedra Lavrada, Quixaba, São João do Cariri, São José do Brejo do Cruz, São José do Sabugi, Serra da Raiz, Sertãozinho, Solânea, Tenório and Umbuzeiro present a high risk of arbovirus transmission and this caused the expansion of the anti-tobacco strategy.
According to the Secretary of Health, Renata Nóbrega, “there are 30 municipalities with a LIRAa index greater than 300, which according to the parameters of the Ministry of Health corresponds to the signaling of an epidemic”. The threat is calculated using LIRAa — Rapid Survey of Indices for Aedes aegypti, which provides data on entomological indicators and provides information on the distribution of the Aedes aegypti vector in each locality.
Renata Nóbrega stresses that the anti-tobacco strategy must be simultaneous with other control actions. “This operation is a complementary action which aims to interrupt the chain of transmission of the virus. It is important to reinforce the need to involve the population in the control and elimination of the breeding grounds of mosquitoes which multiply through stagnant water deposits,” he recalled.
In 2022, 3,461 probable cases of dengue fever, 2,062 probable cases of chikungunya and 121 probable cases of acute zika virus disease were recorded. Totaling the three arboviruses, Paraíba registers 5,644 probable cases in 2022. During the same period, the state registered four suspected arbovirus deaths, of which two deaths are still under investigation (Queimadas and Boa Ventura) and the other two considered rejected.