the moment of childbirth This is the most important and riskiest phase of pregnancy. Contractions, pains and racing against time for baby to come into the world, it’s all part of an intense storyline. For years, medical teams have been ready to ensure that this arrival is as fast as possible, and that sounds good, but it is precisely this urgency to end childbirth as soon as possible, like a production line , which can lead to obstetric violence.
Identified by physical, sexual and verbal abuse and discrimination, whether by age, race or social condition, obstetrical violence is also linked to the lack of resources or the poor state of the health system, in addition to the refusal , by the medical team, to offer treatments to the mother or the baby. And to counter this violent reality, the concept of humanized childbirth has been instituted, a healthy alternative in one of the most crucial moments of pregnancy.
It is not necessarily a type of childbirth, but a way in which the medical team conducts the moment, based on the guidelines of the WHO (World Health Organization), through evidence collected over the years. Humanized care, as it may also be called, ensures that the woman has the best medical and technological support available to keep her and the baby safe, and only receives interventions when really needed.
In this form of conduct, the woman is the protagonist of childbirth and her autonomy is respected. Thus, the natural course of childbirth is followed, and the medical team will only intervene in case of real need, and, mainly, with the agreement of the persons concerned.
A birth experience in which the woman is the protagonist and enforces her rights
The concept of humanized childbirth is about taking the natural course of things when they should happen. If the woman, from the first moment, wants to take anesthesia, for example, she can. If she wants to walk before giving birth, with the help and guidance of a doula, she can. If she wants to dance in the delivery room to relax — even the videos of those dances are great — she can. If she wants to give birth in the tub, or any other suitable place, she can. It is about guaranteeing the right to choose and to have a follow-up medical team, with all the necessary professionals, but which will only intervene if necessary.
Note that the medical team is made up of an obstetrician, an obstetrician nurse, a doula (optional), a pediatrician and an anesthesiologist. All the functions complement each other at the time of childbirth: the doula provides emotional support, without providing the technical part of the medical team, but contributes through breathing exercises, massage and relaxation of the pelvis. The nurse, on the other hand, ensures that there are no complications and carries out examinations at all times, such as listening to the baby’s heartbeat, that of the mother, checking oxygenation, dilation of the cervix, blood pressure, among a thousand other factors, which are learned to exhaustion in nursing course.
The pediatrician receives the baby after birth and performs first aid, mainly related to asphyxia. The obstetrician coordinates all the other functions since he accompanies the pregnant woman from the beginning of the pregnancy. Finally, the anesthesiologist is on call in the delivery room, in case the woman deems that the use of anesthesia is necessary or that the medical team, for safety reasons for the mother and the baby, judges necessary, always with the woman’s agreement. .