Bulletin and guidelines on care in the control of dengue fever in Santa Catarina

photo: Gazeta Newspaper

Periods of intense heat and heavy rain are conducive to the proliferation of mosquitoes. Aedes aegypti. Therefore, the State Department of Health (SES) through the Epidemiological Surveillance Council (DIVE/SC) is alerting the population to redouble their attention and care with their homes, backyards and its working environment, avoiding the accumulation of water.

O Aedes aegypti transmits dengue fever, zika and chikungunya. The best way to prevent these diseases is to prevent mosquito breeding. And care should start indoors, removing stored water to prevent possible breeding, such as in flower pots, tires, plastic bottles, unused and maintenance-free swimming pools, water tanks and even in small containers, such as bottle caps. .

Dengue fever
Usually, the first manifestation of dengue is a high fever (39° to 40°C) of sudden onset, which lasts from two to seven days, associated with headaches, weakness, pain in the body, joints and eyes. . Body spots are present in 50% of cases, and can affect the face, trunk, arms and legs. Loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting may also be present.

Data
Every fortnight a bulletin on the situation of entomological monitoring in Aedes aegypti and the epidemiological situation of dengue, chikungunya and zika virus in the state is disclosed.

The last bulletin distributed, on March 11, specifies:

Aedes aegypti
– 15,159 outbreaks of the Aedes aegypti mosquito in 190 municipalities
119 municipalities infested by the mosquito

Dengue fever
– 518 confirmed cases – 414 indigenous, 38 imported cases, 62 cases are under investigation for a Probable Place of Infection (LPI) and four (04) are undetermined, because it was not possible to define the LPI .

Four (04) municipalities of Santa Catarina have reached epidemic level – Belmonte, Seara, Itá and Romelândia.

dengue fever death
– The State recorded one death from dengue fever, a 40-year-old male patient, residing in the municipality of Criciúma, with a history of travel to dengue transmission municipalities in the state of São Paulo, qualifying the imported case. Symptom onset was in December 2021, but death occurred in January 2022.

Chikungunya
– 68 notified: 34 cases ruled out and 34 under investigation

Zika
– 28 notified: 19 cases ruled out and 9 suspected cases

Guidelines to prevent the spread of Aedes aegypti:
– avoid using dishes in potted plants. If you use them, add sand to the edge;
– store the bottles with the neck down;
– keep garbage cans covered;
– always leave the water tanks closed, without any openings, especially the water tanks;
– plants such as bromeliads should be avoided because they accumulate water;
– treat the pool water with chlorine and clean it once a week;
– keep the drains closed and unblocked;
– brush the food and water pots of the animals at least once a week;
– remove the water accumulated on the slabs;
– flush the toilet at least once a week in less frequented toilets;
– keep the toilet lid closed;
– avoid the accumulation of debris, as it can become a home for the dengue mosquito;
– denounce the existence of possible hotbeds of Aedes aegypti the municipal health service;
– if you have symptoms of dengue fever, chikungunya or the zika virus, seek medical care for treatment.

Collaboration: Nucom / DIVE

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