You kidneys are two small organs located just below the rib cage (ribs), one on each side of the spine. Its size is not excessively large, roughly like a fist. But despite their small size, they play a key role.
One of the most important functions of the kidneys is filter the bloodeliminating O waste and excess water to produce urine. This is the case of healthy kidneys, since they can also suffer from certain diseases or conditions that alter their normal functioning.
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Five common questions about chronic kidney disease
Chronic renal failure (CKD) is one of them. A person is said to have kidney failure if kidney function declines Not less in 15% than normal. In this scenario, the patient may experience symptoms of accumulation of toxins and excess water in the body.
Check here the most frequently asked questions about chronic kidney disease
1. When does kidney failure appear?
Chronic kidney failure occurs when the kidneys gradually lose the ability to filter and remove waste products from the blood so that they build up and change the composition of the blood.
2. Influencing factors
There are different causes that can provoke the development of CKD, such as diabetes, polycystic kidney disease, autoimmune diseases, kidney stones or drug use. In general, the prevalence of this disease increases with age and is more common in obese, diabetic and hypertensive people.
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3. Symptoms of CRF
Kidney failure does not produce symptoms until the disease is very advanced. The speed is very variable, depending on the patient they are pointing from this platform. In fact, the disease at an early stage can only be diagnosed by a urine analysis or a blood test.
Due to deterioration of kidney function, non-specific symptoms, such as loss of appetite, fatigue, nausea, vomiting or itchy skin may appear. Additionally, when CKD is advanced, other significant changes appear, such as high blood pressure, heart failure, increased potassium and phosphorus, anemia, bone problems, and cardiovascular disease.
4. Anemia and blood pressure
Anemia is a disorder consisting of a decrease in the number of red blood cells and/or hemoglobin in the blood and is a common complication of chronic kidney disease, according to these experts.
In addition, the disease is linked to high pressure (THERE ARE). Patients with chronic kidney disease also suffer from hypertension, because during the progression of this disease the kidneys do not work properly and cannot regulate blood pressure. Many people with hypertension also have kidney failure, as hypertension is a risk factor for developing it.
5. Can the development of the disease be stopped?
In the opinion of these experts, it is important to carry out a early diagnosis to introduce lifestyle changes that have been shown to slow the progression of this disease: physical activity, quitting smoking, reducing salt intake, consumption of vegetable proteins and fewer animal products, prevention of overweight and control of diseases that contribute to the development of kidney failure.
This information does not in any way replace the diagnosis or the prescription of a doctor. It is important to go to a specialist when symptoms occur in case of illness and never to self-medicate.