March 14 is the day to alert on the benefits of simple treatments that restore quality of life to patients
March 14 is Urinary Incontinence Day! The disease, which mainly affects women (twice as many as men!), is of low severity but can compromise the social life of even young adults. According to the Brazilian Society of Urology, urinary incontinence affects 72% of women worldwide. About 20% of incontinence cases are in adult women, and in older women it can be as high as 50%. According to gynecologist Nathalie Raibolt, the number of cases may be even higher, as many women with urinary loss do not seek treatment for the problem, as they believe it is a common problem of aging and therefore , they must learn to live with it. However, the doctor warns that there are simple and effective treatments that can greatly improve the patient’s quality of life.
“It’s a fully treatable disease, but few women seek treatment, mostly out of shame or because they think it’s part of getting older, but there are many cases in young people, especially athletes. Many patients do not realize that they have this involuntary loss of urine. It is also very common for women to report a slight loss of urine in the office, but say that they do not care. turns out that often the lack of treatment leads to an aggravation that ends up compromising social life. Wet clothes, the smell of urine, all this causes discomfort and, therefore, the disease should not be neglected”, emphasizes the gynecologist.
Physiotherapy and medication are some of the least invasive treatments that usually give good results. “Women eventually stop dancing, playing with their children or playing a sport they love. Therefore, the problem should not be ignored. Even in cases where surgery is indicated, the procedure is relatively simple and low risk,” explains Nathalie Raibolt.
The disease is characterized by the involuntary loss of urine and has three types: exertion, when there is loss of urine during activities that contract the abdominal region (coughing, sneezing, laughing and high impact physical activity ); urgency, when there is a sudden urge to urinate and the person cannot reach the bathroom in time, and mixed (in the case of the elderly and diabetics, or people with spinal cord injuries / spinal), which combines the two previous types.
Among the most common causes are hormonal changes, weakening of the pelvic floor muscles, whether due to aging, one (or more) pregnancy, smoking, injury or physical exercise. high-impact or inappropriately. “In the case of an overactive bladder, the treatment is done with medication. When the problem is related to muscle weakness, pelvic physiotherapy can solve the case or corrective surgery may be necessary, ”reports the doctor. “The important thing is that the woman gets treatment and talks to the doctor.”