Cases of diseases transmitted by the Aedes aegypti mosquito have exploded in recent months in Alagoas. The arrival of the hottest time of the year along with the neglect of standing water in homes has caused the state to record a significant increase in occurrences of dengue fever and Chikungunya. In January 2022 alone, 116 dengue cases were recorded in the state, compared to 47 cases in the same period last year, an increase of more than 146%.
According to data from the Notifiable Diseases Information System of the Ministry of Health (Sinan/MS), Alagoas recorded, still in the first month of 2022, three occurrences of Chikungunya. This same time last year, only one case was reported in the state.
Regarding the cases of Zika, no assessment of the disease was made in January. Last year, at the same time, there was a notification. Among the dengue fever occurrences recorded in January 2022, 48 declarations took place in the capital, corresponding to an increase of 14.28% compared to the same period in 2021, which had 42 cases.
According to the municipality of Maceió, the localities where the incidence (rate of cases per group of 100,000 inhabitants) of dengue is highest, during the period, are the neighborhoods of Guaxuma (71.65/100,000 inhabitants ), Farol (24.57/100,000 inhabitants) and Fernão Velho (18.82 per 100,000 inhabitants).
The figures show that the trend of increasing cases of diseases caused by Aedes aegypti, recorded in 2021, continues in Alagoas. Last year, the state had 6,357 reported dengue cases, an increase of 186% from 2020, when 2,215 cases were recorded. Chikungunya records rose from 148 in 2020 to 370 in 2021, a 150% growth in the number of cases of the disease in the state.
The figures meant that Alagoas closed last year with the second highest incidence rate of dengue fever in the northeast, showing a positive serological index for the disease higher than the national index. Care The proliferation of the Aedes aegypti mosquito occurs through the accumulation of stagnant water.
Common breeding sites include ground level deposits, reservoirs, bucket lids, pots, tubs, ground water tanks, buckets, polystyrene, plant pots, plastic drop cloths, disposables, plant stands, bathtubs, drums, stove covers, the disabled. bathroom toilets, among others. As the rainy season approaches, it is essential to be mindful of places prone to water accumulation, especially in the backyards of homes, where these items usually remain.